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IAMO publishes climate analyses for agriculture in Southern Caucasus and Ukraine

15 June 2022

IAMO conducted a study on climate change in Southern Caucasus on behalf of the German Sparkassenstiftung for International Cooperation and now makes the results available with comprehensive interactive map material.

Climate change is already posing major challenges to agriculture and food security. Rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns and increasingly frequent extreme weather events are threatening harvests and the livelihoods of many farmers.

Within the framework of a regional project in the South Caucasus and Ukraine funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, IAMO has conducted a study on behalf of the German Sparkassenstiftung for International Cooperation on historical and future climatic changes in Armenia and Azerbaijan and their impact on yields of selected crops. For this purpose, yield statistics, climate models and phenological observations were analyzed using machine learning methods.

The results show that climate and weather have already had a strong influence on local yield levels in recent decades, and that without agronomic adaptation measures, further production losses are likely in the future in both countries. A similar study was also conducted for Georgia and Ukraine as part of the regional project by a consulting company in partnership with Wageningen University. The results and recommendations of both studies will be used in the development of a risk management tool to be applied in all four countries as part of training concepts to inform smallholder farmers about the risks of climate change and to show them appropriate adaptation options.

IAMO has summarized and made publicly available the results of both studies in web pages with interactive maps and charts to provide information on the relationship between climate and agricultural production. The web pages are available in English and in the local language and can be accessed via the following links: