Daniel Müller and Florian Schierhorn, together with colleagues from the University of Pristina and the German Economic Team of Berlin Economics, conducted a greenhouse gas inventory for Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU) for Kosovo, as part of Kosovo's National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP). The AFOLU-projections indicate that AFOLU can provide a sink of 407 Gg CO2eq by 2030 if existing policy plans are implemented. The sink can enhance to 1,045 Gg CO2eq with more ambitious policies, mainly thanks to reduced pressure and enhanced regrowth of forests. The AFOLU sector can therefore substantially contribute to Kosovo's emission reduction targets.
On behalf of the German Sparkassenstiftung for International Cooperation, we conducted a study on historical and future climatic changes in Armenia and Azerbaijan and their impact on yields of selected crops. For this purpose, we analyzed yield statistics, climate models and phenological observations using machine learning methods.
The results show that climate and weather have already had a strong influence on local yield levels in recent decades, and that without agronomic adaptation measures, further production losses are likely in the future. The results and recommendations of the study will contribute to the development of a risk management tool to be applied in both countries as part of training concepts to inform smallholder farmers about the risks of climate change and to show them appropriate adaptation options.
The complete reports are available as PDFs below. We also summarized the results as interactive maps under the following links:
Dr. Florian Schierhorn und Prof. Daniel Müller geben einen umfassenden Überblick zum derzeitigen Wissensstand über die Effekte von klimaschonenden Produktionsverfahren sowie von Klimaanpassungsmaßnahmen. Der Fokus der Literaturauswertung liegt auf 13 Schwerpunktregionen des Bundesministeriums für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL).